During his state of the union address, President Obama brought forth the idea of making early education (preschool) available to low or moderate income families. This proposal essentially makes preschool universal, with the federal government and states paying for any child under 4 to attend school.
President Obama addressed preschool spending in his State of the Union speech in early February and since then, the topic has drawn much interest. Those in favor cite that studies show these head start programs form better adults long-term. According to Travis Walton at Think Progress, the project "generates $11 of economic benefits over a child's lifetime for every dollar spent initially on the program." Similar studies show early childhood programs lead to more kids going to college and staying out of criminal activity. Nonetheless, some aren't convinced by the small sample size of these studies.
Lauren Byrne at Red Alert Politics says that the numbers that support the spending are not only a small sample size, but have no way of guaranteeing that these numbers can be duplicated to general group of preschoolers.
In fact, studies by Stanford University and the University of California showed that attending preschool can actually cause bad behavior, not reduce it like Obama claims, possibly because students are spending less time with their parents at such a crucial age.
The topic seems to be a classic political battle of "this study said this." While Obama wants to invest billions of dollars in early education spending, it doesn't seem likely that he will have the full support of Congress. Early education being paid for is something that most can agree on. However, Republicans in particular may not be convinced on more spending no matter what the cause.